|Title||A genomics approach to improve the analysis and design of strain selections.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Warnecke, TE, Lynch, MD, Karimpour-Fard, A, Sandoval, N, and Gill, RT|
|Pagination||154 - 165|
Strain engineering has been traditionally centered on the use of mutation, selection, and screening to develop improved strains. Although mutational and screening methods are well-characterized, selection remains poorly understood. We hypothesized that we could use a genome-wide method for assessing laboratory selections to design selections with enhanced sensitivity (true positives) and specificity (true negatives) towards a single desired phenotype. To test this hypothesis, we first applied multi-SCale Analysis of Library Enrichments (SCALEs) to identify genes conferring increased fitness in continuous flow selections with increasing levels of 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP). We found that this selection not only enriched for 3-HP tolerance phenotypes but also for wall adherence phenotypes (41% false positives). Using this genome-wide data, we designed a serial-batch selection with a decreasing 3-HP gradient. Further examination by ROC analysis confirmed that the serial-batch approach resulted in significantly increased sensitivity (46%) and specificity (10%) for our desired phenotype (3-HP tolerance).
|Short Title||Metabolic Engineering|